JahanpanahFounded by Mohammad Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century, Jahanpanah was the fourth city of Delhi. It was built in between two inhabitant but unprocted city of Delhi - Siri to the north and Quila Rai Pithora to the south. Siri was founded by Khilji ruler Alaudin Khilji and Quila Rai Pithora was laid by famous Rajput ruler Prithviraj Chauhan.
The remains of the city lie today in the village Begumpur. Begumpur village is crowded with modern housing developments of the suburb of Panchishila Park south. The easiest access is from a small road that heads east off Aurobindo Marg between the Outer Ring Road and the Qutub Minar Complex, right next to the Aurobindo Ashram.
Khirki MasjidKhirki Masjid was built during the Tughlaq dynasty and famous for its unique structure. The most extraordinary part of the mosque is covered entirely by a roof. The Masjid is a fine example of Islamic architecture in India and vanguard of architectural achievements of Tughlaq dynasty.
The mosque derived it's name because of its distinctive window opening with jalis or tracery known as Khirki or latticed windows. These windows are ubiquitous on the upper level of the mosque exterior wall. The latticed windows were carved out of stone shield. The prime minister of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, Kha-I- Jahan in the late 14th century built this mosque. This one is perhaps the most vibrant one out of seven mosque he built during his tenure.
Architecture Of Khirki MasjidKhirki Masjid is another example of Indo- Islamic architecture among many other monuments in India. Indo Islamic architecture flourished during the time of Delhi Sultanate ( 1191-1526 AD). The Indo Islamic architecture is fine blend of traditional Hindu as well as Islamic architecture. this type of amalgamation gave an exotic structures. Muslim rulers most of the time used Indian artisans to built their monuments as they were educated in their own art traditions. Another factor was, Muslim invaders destroyed the Hindu and Jain temples and mosques and monuments were built out of the materials. In actual temples were modified into monuments.
Khirki Masjid was also built on the same principle, which is a fusion and adaptation of Hindu and Islamic architecture. Open court covered with chambers or colonnades were the unique in Hindu style whereas ornamentation was typical to Islamic style. The variations of style was predominant in many architectural marvels at that era.