HistoryFifteen kilometers southeast of Connaught Place on the Mehrauli - Badarpur road, a rocky escarpment holds the crumbling 6.5 kilometer long battlements of the third city of Delhi, Tughlakabad, built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq during a short reign from 1321 to 1325. Ghiyas-u-din Tughlaq, a Turk governor who invaded Delhi in 1320 and defeated Nasirudin Mohammed, a Pawar Rajput who adapted Islam. Tughlaq then created the third city of Tughlakabad. The ruined fort of Tughalkabad was built by Ghiyas -ud-din -Tughlaq.
After king's death the city was deserted, probably lack of clean water source nearby. Tughlakabad is divided into three main portions, Tughlakabad has its high walled citadel tot he south near the present entrance off the main road. The southernmost of its thirteen gates still locks down on a causeway, breached by the modern road, which rises above the flood plain, to link the fortress with Ghyas-ud-din Tughlaq tomb, which rises beyond a massive red sandstone gateway on a high plinth, surrounded pentagonal stone walls. The later fortress of Adilabad, built by Muhammad Shah II, his son was much of the same style as his father's citadel.
Other Medieval Cities Of DelhiQuila Rai Pithora
Quila Rai Pithora was laid by Prithviraj Chauhan, also known as Rai Pithora, a popular hero of Hindus resisted against Muslim rulers. His ancestor captured Delhi from Tomar Rajput and made the city named Quila Rai Pithora. The ruins are partly visible around the Qutub Minar.
Mehrauli was founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, viceroy of Mohammed Ghori who overcame Prithviraj Chauhan. After the death of Md. Ghori, Aibak enthroned himself as a Sultan of Delhi and made a huge victory tower known as Qutub Minar. Delhi was under Mamluk or Slave Dynasty. Qutub-ud-din set to create Mehrauli by destroying all the temples and constructed mosques and Islamic structures.
After Slave Dynasty, Khilji rulers ruled Delhi for some time. Among them was Allaudin Khilji who extended his kingdom down southern India and created thrid city known as Siri. A large reservoir called Hauz Khas was another achievement of city Siri.
One of the great Tughlaq ruler, Feroz Shah Tughlaq created the fourth city of Delhi also known as Kotla Feroz Shah next to river Yamuna.
Sher Shah wrested Delhi from the Mughal emperor Humayun and built Purana Quila and laid the foundation of Shergarh, another city of Delhi.
Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan led the foundation of seventh city of Delhi in old Delhi. He was credited to many architectural wonders of Delhi including Jama Masjid, Red Fort. He also gifted Taj Mahal to the world, which is located in Agra.