Travelling in India
Travelling in India


Translate This Page:
Espa˝ol Franšais Deutsch Italiano
 Travel to India and know its treasured sights.

Plan Your Tour

History

India is not just the land of religious and cultural concoctions, a unique mix of ethnicity and modernity, a blend of simplicity and elaborateness, co-existing of patriotism and welcoming the alien traditions, but it is also the land that has witnessed a long and rich history that has given an opportunity for the country to achieve multiple landmarks in every era.

Iron Pillar, Qutb Minar - Gupta Dynasty

Ancient history of India includes the Prehistoric era that dates back to 2,00,000 BC and continued till about 2500 BC and the Indus Valley Civilization, when the first human settlements sprung up. Indus Valley Civilization flourished till the 1900 BC, declining due to tectonic shifts and its resultant conditions. The Vedic Period that continued till 600 BC, saw the emergence of many kingdoms in the Indo-Gangetic plains that contributed a lot in shaping the Indian culture, beliefs and lifestyle patterns. It was in the later Vedic Age that Hinduism started taking shape as a full fledged religion and the society was categorized into Brahmin, Kshatria, Vaishya and Shudra.

In the epic age, the revered Hindu epics and important literatures were established that shaped the values and beliefs of Indian society. The epics created during this period were Ramayana, Mahabharata and Upanishads. In the pre-historic age, India witnessed many invasions and domination of several dynasties like the Persian and Greek invasions, rule of the Magadha Empire, Maurya Empire, Pallava Dynasty, Chalukya and Chola Dynasties and the Gupta Dynasty which is also known as the Golden era.

The medieval history of India is commenced with the Rajput rule and is marked by foreign invasions and dreaded battles. India's natural resources were largely exploited and the immensely rich architectural reserves were dilapidated by Turkish and Islamic Invasions. The Slave dynasty under Qutub-ud-din-Aibak and Iltutmish, the Khilji rulers, the Sayyids, the Lodhis and the Tughlaqs took turns to rule over the incredible country.

With the fall of the Lodhi dynasty emerged the Mughal Empire, that commanded its supremacy over the whole of India. Under the Mughal rule, many architectural gems came into being, that include the forts and palaces in the northern and western parts of the country, Taj Mahal being the best representation of the Mughal architectural adeptness. Meanwhile, south saw the dynasties of Chalukyas, Pallavas, Hoyasalas, Cholas, Kalchuris, Rashtrakutas, Yadhavas and the Vijaynagar kingdom.

The Modern History of India began when the discovery of convenient sea-routes to the Asian sub-continent led to the development of profitable trade routes to India and its neighboring countries. This resulted in the advent of European empires like the Portuguese, Dutch and the British in India, that paved their way to win over the abundant agricultural resources available here.

The Britishers gained strength in the country through treaties and agreements with the ruling kingdoms within the country and manipulative policies such as 'divide and rule'. The excessive domination and unacceptable policies led to resentment among many Indians, who revolted against the empire to gain their independence from the ruthless British rule.

During this time period, many religions emerged in India, along with Hinduism. Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism were some of them. India witnessed the partition of Bangladesh and Pakistan and the re framing of the Indian boundaries to emerge as the India of today. The constitution of India was framed in 1950, by the country's leaders, after rigorous thought and careful planning. India became a democratic, secular and a sovereign state, where people feel free to use their rights, obey their duties and express love and respect for their nation, with dignity.



Travelling in India
Copyright © Travellingindia,com All Rights Reserved.